AskDefine | Define unhappy

Dictionary Definition

unhappy adj
1 experiencing or marked by or causing sadness or sorrow or discontent; "unhappy over her departure"; "unhappy with her raise"; "after the argument they lapsed into an unhappy silence"; "had an unhappy time at school"; "the unhappy (or sad) news"; "he looks so sad" [ant: happy]
2 generalized feeling of distress [syn: dysphoric, distressed] [ant: euphoric]
3 causing discomfort; "the unhappy truth"
4 marked by or producing unhappiness; "infelicitous circumstances"; "unhappy caravans, straggling afoot through swamps and canebrakes"- American Guide Series [syn: infelicitous] [also: unhappiest, unhappier]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Adjective

  1. Not happy; sad.
    A moment of time may make us unhappy forever.
    -- John Gay, The Beggar's Opera
  2. Not satisfied; unsatisfied.
  3. Not lucky; unlucky.
  4. Not suitable; unsuitable.

Translations

not happy; sad
not satisfied; unsatisfied
  • Chinese:
    • Simplified Chinese: 不满意 (bù mǎn yì)
    • Traditional Chinese: 不滿意
not lucky; unlucky
not suitable; unsuitable

Extensive Definition

In the field of psychiatry the terms depression or depressed are used in both the ordinary, non-clinical sense and to refer specifically to pathology, especially when the mood of depression has reached a level of severity and/or duration that warrants a clinical diagnosis. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) states that a depressed mood is often reported as being: "... depressed, sad, hopeless, discouraged, or 'down in the dumps'." In traditional colloquy, "depressed" is often synonymous with "sad," but both clinical and non-clinical depression can also refer to a conglomeration of more than one feeling. Such a mixture can include (but is not limited to) anger, fear, anxiety, despair, guilt, apathy, and/or grief, in addition to what many people would describe as typical "sadness."

Biology

Biological influences of depression are varied, but can include hereditary, hormonal, and seasonal factors, stress, illness, neurotransmitter malfunction, and long-term exposure to dampness and mold and to aerosol exposure via the frequent use of air fresheners and other aerosols in the home,, all of which are more fully discussed in the major depressive disorder article.

Depression as mechanism of adaptation

While a depressed mood is usually referred to (and perceived) as negative, it can sometimes be subtly beneficial in helping a person adapt to circumstance. For example, physical illness, such as influenza, can lead to feelings of psychological malaise and depression that seem, at first, only to compound an already unpleasant situation. However, the experience of depression, or feeling "down," often results in physical inertia, which leads to the compulsion to rest. The fleeting helplessness and immobility of the physically ill may also serve to elicit care from others.
From an evolutionary standpoint, some argue that depression could be at least partially related to atavistic fears that were originally based on real dangers. Marcello Spinella, Ph.D., in his book, How Sadness Survived: The Evolutionary Basis of Depression, suggests that, because "social support and interdependence were important features of the [human] ancestral environment"[,] "the [peer] group could have offered extra help to the depressed person until the condition resolved." Further, "...a depressed person may change the attitudes of other people around him, making them more sympathetic to his needs and therefore giving him a long term [social or reproductive] advantage."
Temporary depression, psychologist Thomas Moore, Ph.D., suggests, can, in some cases, not only "...provide a rest from the hyperactivity of the good times...," but can also be assigned value in the overall spectrum of human experience, and might enrich the ways in which members of a community relate to, and support, one another. In some cases, Moore says, "dark times [can] leave their mark and make you a person of insight and compassion."

Mental disorders with depression

A chronic depressed mood is usually a core feature of such mental disorders as:

References

External links

unhappy in Modern Greek (1453-): Κατάθλιψη
unhappy in Icelandic: Depurð
unhappy in Yiddish: דעפרעסיע

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Sad, against, anguished, anxious, awkward, bad, badly off, beefing, bellyaching, bitching, black, bleak, blue, bored, bumbling, cheerless, clumsy, complaining, complaintful, con, crabbing, crabby, cranky, crestfallen, croaking, cursed, dejected, depressant, depressed, despondent, dire, disagreeable, disappointed, disapprobatory, disapproving, disastrous, disconsolate, discontented, disenchanted, disgruntled, disgusted, disillusioned, dismal, dispirited, dispiriting, displeased, displeasing, dissatisfied, dissenting, distressed, donsie, doomful, down, downcast, downhearted, dreary, envious, evil-starred, fatal, faultfinding, forlorn, fortuneless, funest, futile, gauche, gloomy, glum, graceless, grim, griping, grouchy, grousing, growling, grumbling, halting, hapless, heavy-handed, heavyhearted, humorless, ill off, ill-advised, ill-chosen, ill-considered, ill-fated, ill-omened, ill-seasoned, ill-starred, ill-suited, ill-timed, impolitic, improper, in adverse circumstances, in bad humor, inadvisable, inappropriate, inapt, inauspicious, incongruous, inconvenient, indignant, inept, inexpedient, infelicitous, infestive, inopportune, intempestive, intrusive, irrelevant, joyless, lachrymose, late, long-faced, low, low-spirited, luckless, mal a propos, maladroit, malapropos, malcontent, malcontented, melancholy, mirthless, miserable, mistimed, murmuring, muttering, nauseated, nauseous, off base, ominous, opposed, opposing, oppressive, out of humor, out of line, out of luck, out of phase, out of place, out of sorts, out of time, peevish, petulant, planet-struck, pleasureless, poor, premature, prey to malaise, querulant, querulous, rebellious, repelled, resentful, restive, restless, revolted, rotten, sad, saddened, short of luck, sickened, sorrowful, sorry, sorryish, sour, star-crossed, suffering angst, sulky, tearful, too late, too soon, turned-off, unaccepting, unaccommodating, unappreciative, unapproving, unbefitting, unblessed, uncheerful, uncheery, uncomplimentary, underprivileged, undesirable, uneasy, unfavorable, unfit, unfitting, unfortunate, unfulfilled, ungratified, unhandy, unjoyful, unlucky, unmeet, unmirthful, unpleasant, unprofitable, unpropitious, unprosperous, unprovidential, unquiet, unready, unripe, unsatisfied, unseasonable, unseemly, unsmiling, unsuitable, unsuited, untimely, untoward, unwise, whiny, wooden, wretched, wrong
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